[LeetCode] Next Permutation

Next Permutation

Implement next permutation, which rearranges numbers into the lexicographically next greater permutation of numbers.

If such arrangement is not possible, it must rearrange it as the lowest possible order (ie, sorted in ascending order).

The replacement must be in-place, do not allocate extra memory.

Here are some examples. Inputs are in the left-hand column and its corresponding outputs are in the right-hand column.
`1,2,3` → `1,3,2`
`3,2,1` → `1,2,3`
`1,1,5` → `1,5,1`

```class Solution {
public:
void nextPermutation(vector<int> &num) {
int len = num.size();
if(len<2){
return;
}
//从右到左第一个逆序的
int target1=-1;
for(int i=len-2; i>=0; i--){
if(num[i]<num[i+1]){
target1=i;
break;
}
}
if(target1>=0){
int target2=-1;
for(int i=len-1; i>target1; i--){
if(num[i]>num[target1]){
target2=i;
break;
}
}
swap(num, target1, target2);
}
reverse(num, target1+1, len-1);
}

void swap(vector<int>& num, int i, int j){
int temp=num[i];
num[i]=num[j];
num[j]=temp;
}

void reverse(vector<int>& num, int i, int j){
while(i<j){
swap(num, i, j);
i++;
j--;
}
}
};```

```class Solution {
public:
void nextPermutation(vector<int>& nums) {
int len = nums.size();
if(len <= 1){
return;
}
int i = len-2;
while(i>=0 && nums[i] >= nums[i+1]){
i--;
}
if(i>=0){
int j = len-1;
while(j>i && nums[j]<=nums[i]){
j--;
}
swap(nums, i, j);
}
reverse(nums, i+1, len-1);
}

void reverse(vector<int>& nums, int i, int j){
while(i < j){
swap(nums, i, j);
i++;
j--;
}
}

void swap(vector<int>& nums, int i, int j){
int temp = nums[i];
nums[i] = nums[j];
nums[j] = temp;
}
};```

```class Solution {
public:
void nextPermutation(vector<int>& nums) {
int len = nums.size();
int i1 = -1;
for(int i = len - 2; i>=0; i--){
if(nums[i] < nums[i+1]){
i1 = i;
break;
}
}
if(i1 != -1){
int i2 = 0;
for(int i = len - 1; i>=0; i--){
if(nums[i]>nums[i1]){
i2 = i;
break;
}
}
swap(nums, i1, i2);
}
reverse(nums, i1 + 1, len - 1);
}

void reverse(vector<int>& nums, int i, int j){
while(i < j){
swap(nums, i, j);
i++;
j--;
}
}

void swap(vector<int>& nums, int i, int j){
int temp = nums[i];
nums[i] = nums[j];
nums[j] = temp;
}
};```